An American Planter - Cover
Goodreads Icon

An American Planter

Stephen Duncan of Antebellum Natchez and New York

Southern Biography

248 pages / 6.00 x 9.00 inches / 3 Halftones, 1 Map

ebook available

American History

  Hardcover / 9780807131411 / December 2006
Extraordinarily wealthy and influential, Stephen Duncan (1787-1867) was a landowner, slaveholder, and financier with a remarkable array of social, economic, and political contacts in pre-Civil War America. In this, the first biography of Duncan, Martha Jane Brazy offers a compelling new portrait of antebellum life through exploration of Duncan's multifaceted personal networks in both the South and the North.

Duncan grew up in an elite Pennsylvania family with strong business ties in Philadelphia. There was little indication, though, that he would become a cosmopolitan entrepreneur who would own over fifteen plantations in Mississippi and Louisiana, collectively owning more than two thousand slaves. With style and substance, Martha Jane Brazy describes both the development of Duncan's businesses and the lives of the slaves on whose labor his empire was constructed.

According to Brazy, Duncan was a hybrid, not fully a southerner or a northerner. He was also, Brazy shows, a paradox. Although he put down deep roots in Natchez, his sphere of influence was national in scope. Although his wealth was greatly dependent on the slaves he owned, he predicted a clash over the issue of slave ownership nearly three decades before the onset of the Civil War.

Perhaps more than any other planter studied, Duncan contradicts historians' definition of the southern slaveholding aristocracy. By connecting and contrasting the networks of this elite planter and those he enslaved, Brazy provides new insights into the slaveocracy of antebellum America.

Martha Jane Brazy is an associate professor of history at the University of South Alabama in Mobile.

Praise for An American Planter

“Martha Jane Brazy’s deceptively brief biography of Stephen Duncan offers a well-researched, engagingly written account of a prominent American planter and entrepreneur.”—Civil War History

“There has long been a need for a biography of the Pennsylvania-born Natchez nabob Stephen Duncan. . . . Now this void has been filled admirably . . . in this meticulously researched and gracefully written monograph.”—Journal of Southern History

“A refreshingly balanced narrative that recognizes the existence as well as the limits of slave autonomy.”—Louisiana History

Found an Error? Tell us about it.