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The Allstons of Chicora Wood

Wealth, Honor, and Gentility in the South Carolina Lowcountry

224 pages / 5.50 x 8.50 inches / 7 halftones, 1 map

ebook available

Southern History

  Hardcover / 9780807138434 / November 2011

William Kauffman Scarborough’s absorbing biography, The Allstons of Chicora Wood, chronicles the history of a South Carolina planter family from the opulent antebellum years through the trauma of the Civil War and postwar period. Scarborough’s examination of this extraordinarily enterprising family focuses on patriarch Robert R. F. W. Allston, his wife Adele Petigru Allston, and their daughter Elizabeth Allston Pringle. 

Scarborough shows how Allston, in the four decades before the Civil War, converted a small patrimony into a Lowcountry agricultural empire of seven rice plantations, all the while earning an international reputation for the quality of his rice and his expertise. Scarborough also examines Allston’s twenty-eight-year career in the state legislature and as governor from 1856 to 1858. 
Upon his death in 1864, Robert Allston’s wife of thirty-two years, Adele, found herself at the head of the family. Scarborough traces how she successfully kept the family plantations afloat in the postwar years through a series of decisions that exhibited her astute business judgment and remarkable strength of character. 
In the next generation, one of the Allstons’ five children followed a similar path. Elizabeth “Bessie” Allston took over management of the remaining family plantations upon the death of her husband and, in order to pay off the plantation mortgages, embarked on a highly successful literary career. Bessie authored two books, the first treating her experiences as a woman rice planter and the second describing her childhood before the war. 
A major contribution to southern history, The Allstons of Chicora Wood provides a fascinating look at a prominent southern family that survived the traumas of war and challenges of Reconstruction.

William Kauffman Scarborough, professor emeritus of history at the University of Southern Mississippi, is the author of The Overseer and Masters of the Big House and editor of the three-volume Diary of Edmund Ruffin.

Praise for The Allstons of Chicora Wood

“[Scarborough's] research is meticulous, and he tells his story clearly and well....[a] finely drawn and suggestive account of a prominent South Carolina family.”—Journal of American History

“Scarborough...has crafted a fascinating and insightful view of pre-Civil War planter elite society.”—Tom Elmore, Blue and Gray

“Scarborough's sure-footed and well-constructed account of one of the South's wealthiest planters...provides a welcome addition to the histories of the South, plantation agriculture, slavery, and the singular culture that existed along the South Carolina coast before the Civil War.”—Agricultural History

“Scarborough brings together economic, political, religious, and social strands, while never forgetting the central importance of kinship....[A] concise, informative, and well-written account.”—Richard Campbell, South Carolina Historical Magazine

“This entrancing and historical biography is a key reference for anyone studying and researching southern history, especially the South Carolina Lowcountry.”—Southeastern Librarian

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