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Ledgers of History

William Faulkner, an Almost Forgotten Friendship, and an Antebellum Plantation Diary

Southern Literary Studies

240 pages / 8.50 x 5.50 inches / 8 halftones

ebook available

Literature - American

  Hardcover / 9780807137017 / October 2010

Emory University professor Sally Wolff has carried on a fifty-year tradition of leading students on expeditions to "Faulkner country" in and around Oxford, Mississippi. Not long ago, she decided to invite alumni on one of these field trips. One response to the invitation surprised her: "I can't go on the trip. But I knew William Faulkner." They were the words of Dr. Edgar Wiggin Francisco III, and in talking with Wolff he revealed that as a child in the 1930s and 1940s he did indeed know Faulkner quite well. His father and Faulkner maintained a close friendship for many years, going back to their shared childhood, but the fact of their friendship has been unrecognized because the two men saw much less of each other after the early years of their marriages. In Ledgers of History, Wolff recounts her conversations with Dr. Francisco--known to Faulkner as "Little Eddie"--and reveals startling sources of inspiration for Faulkner's most famous works.

Dr. Francisco grew up at McCarroll Place, his family's ancestral home in Holly Springs, Mississippi, thirty miles north of Oxford. In the conversations with Wolff, he recalls that as a boy he would sit and listen as his father and Faulkner sat on the gallery and talked about whatever came to mind. Francisco frequently told stories to Faulkner, many of them oft-repeated, about his family and community, which dated to antebellum times. Some of these stories, Wolff shows, found their way into Faulkner's fiction.

Faulkner also displayed an absorbing interest in a seven-volume diary kept by Dr. Francisco's great-great-grandfather Francis Terry Leak, who owned extensive plantation lands in northern Mississippi before the Civil War. Some parts of the diary recount incidents in Leak's life, but most of the diary concerns business transactions, including the buying and selling of slaves and the building of a plantation home. During his visits over the course of decades, Francisco recalls, Faulkner spent many hours poring over these volumes, often taking notes. Wolff has discovered that Faulkner apparently drew some of the most important material in several of his greatest works, including Absalom, Absalom! and Go Down, Moses, at least in part from the diary.

Through Dr. Francisco's vivid childhood recollections, Ledgers of History offers a compelling portrait of the future Nobel Laureate near the midpoint of his legendary career and also charts a significant discovery that will inevitably lead to revisions in historical and critical scholarship on Faulkner and his writings.

Sally Wolff is senior editor at the Emory Clinic and teaches "Literature and Medicine" in the Emory University School of Medicine. She also served as assistant vice president and associate dean in the College of Arts and Sciences at Emory University, where she taught for over thirty years in the Department of English. She is the author of Ledgers of History: William Faulkner, an Almost Forgotten Friendship, and an Antebellum Plantation Diary and Talking about William Faulkner, and co-editor of Southern Mothers: Fact and Fiction in Southern Women’s Writing, and Where Courageous Inquiry Leads: The Emerging Life of Emory University.

Praise for Ledgers of History

"An engaging and often moving historical record not just of Faulkner's study of the materials he would employ with such power in his fiction, but also of a Mississippi family. Dr. Francisco's honest acknowledgement of the pain of confronting his family history reminds us that Faulkner was certainly not alone in his conflicted relationship to southern history."—The Southern Literary Journal


William Faulkner & the Ledgers of History: an hour long webcast by Sally Wolff hosted by the Library of Congress


Plantation Diary Yields Clues To Faulkner's Work: Sally Wolff on NPR's All Things Considered


Invited Lectures, 2010-11

  1. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, September 15, 2010
  2. Southern Festival of Books, Nashville, TN, October 8-9, 2010
  3. Thomas University, Thomasville, GA, October 14-15, 2010
  4. Bucknell University, November 9, 2010
  5. Macon State University, November 20, 2010
  6. Georgia State University, Southern American Studies Association, February 19, 2011
  7. Millsaps College, February 25, 2011
  8. Emory University, (three invitations): Book signing and lecture, Barnes and Nobel Bookstore, fall, 2010; Lecture, Emeritus College, fall, 2010; Lecture, OUE Lunch and Learn, March, 2011
  9. Vanderbilt University, co-sponsored by the Alumni Associations of Vanderbilt University and Emory University, April 14, 2011
  10. Coastal Georgia Historical Society, St. Simons Island, Georgia, April 10, 2011
  11. Square Books, Oxford, MS, May 12, 2011
  12. Marshall County Museum, Holly Springs, MS May 11, 2011
  13. Library of Congress, August 9, 2011 [webcast]
  14. Kalamazoo College, September 25, 2011
  15. Louisiana Book Festival, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, October 29, 2011
  16. Faulkner Festival, Ripley, MS, November 5, 2011

New York Times article

Faulkner Link to Plantation Diary Discovered: Patricia Cohen of the New York Times highlights Sally Wolff's discovery.

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