The racialized and exoticized cult of Voodoo occupies a central place in the popular image of the Crescent City. But as Kodi A. Roberts argues in Voodoo and Power, the religion was not a monolithic tradition handed down from African ancestors to their American-born descendants. Instead, a much more complicated patchwork of influences created New Orleans Voodoo, allowing it to move across boundaries of race, class, and gender. By employing late nineteenth and early twentieth-century first-hand accounts of Voodoo practitioners and their rituals, Roberts provides a nuanced understanding of who practiced Voodoo and why.
Voodoo in New Orleans, a mélange of religion, entrepreneurship, and business networks, stretched across the color line in intriguing ways. Roberts’s analysis demonstrates that what united professional practitioners, or “workers,” with those who sought their services was not a racially uniform folk culture, but rather the power and influence that Voodoo promised. Recognizing that social immobility proved a common barrier for their patrons, workers claimed that their rituals could overcome racial and gendered disadvantages and create new opportunities for their clients.
Voodoo rituals and institutions also drew inspiration from the surrounding milieu, including the privations of the Great Depression, the city’s complex racial history, and the free-market economy. Money, employment, and business became central concerns for the religion’s practitioners: to validate their work, some began operating from recently organized “Spiritual Churches,” entities that were tax exempt and thus legitimate in the eyes of the state of Louisiana. Practitioners even leveraged local figures like the mythohistoric Marie Laveau for spiritual purposes and entrepreneurial gain. All the while, they contributed to the cultural legacy that fueled New Orleans’s tourist industry and drew visitors and their money to the Crescent City.
Kodi A. Roberts
is assistant professor of history at Louisiana State University.
Praise for Voodoo and Power
“[A] textured study of New Orleans voodoo. . . . Particularly attentive to the dynamics of race, gender, and economics, this book provides both a vivid narrative of New Orleans voodoo that will appeal to casual readers and a sophisticated analysis of religion and cultural production.”—CHOICE
“Voodoo and Power provides intellectual and academic credibility to a subject that has been fraught with dubious scholarship. . . . A much-needed perspective on a marginalized tradition that is shown to be nothing less than a true American religion.”—Journal of Southern Religion
“Important and provocative. . . .[Roberts’s] use of the extant evidence is restrained and judicious. He successfully complicates what we know about Voodoo by demonstrating the extent of white involvement in Voodoo culture.”—Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era