The Indians' New South
Cultural Change in the Colonial Southeast
120 pages / 5.50 x 8.50 inches / no illustrations
Axtell begins by treating the irruption in native life of several Spanish entradas in the sixteenth century, most notably and destructively Hernando de Soto's, and the rapid decline of the great Mississippian societies in their wake. He then relates the rise and fall of the Franciscan missions in Florida to the aggressive advent of English settlement in Virginia and the Carolinas in the seventeenth century. Finally, he traces the largely symbiotic relations among the South Carolina English, the Louisiana French, and their native trading partners in the eighteenth-century deerskin business, and the growing dependence of the Indians on their white neighbors for necessities as well as conveniences and luxuries.
Focusing on the primary context of interaction between natives and newcomers in each century--warfare, missions, and trade--and drawing upon a wide range of ethnohistorical sources, including written, oral, archaeological, linguistic, and artistic ones, Axtell gives a rich sense of the variety and complexity of Indian-white interactions and a clear interpretative matrix by which to assimilate the details.
Based on the fifty-eighth series of Walter Lynwood Fleming Lectures, The Indians' New South is a colorful, accessible account of the clash of cultures in the colonial Southeast. It will prove essential and entertaining reading for all students of Native America and the South.
James Axtell, Kenan Professor of Humanities at the College of William and Mary, is the author of many books, including The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America; The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America; After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America; and Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America.
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