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The Indians' New South

Cultural Change in the Colonial Southeast

by James Axtell

Walter Lynwood Fleming Lectures in Southern History

120 pages / 5.50 x 8.50 inches / no illustrations

ebook available

Southern History

  Paperback / 9780807121726 / April 1997
A survey of three catalytic centuries of Indian-white relations In this concise but sweeping study, James Axtell depicts the complete range of transformations in southeastern Indian cultures as a result of contact, and often conflict, with European explorers and settlers in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. Stressing the dynamism and constant change in native cultures while showing no loss of Indian identity, Axtell effectively argues that the colonial Southeast cannot be fully understood without paying particular attention to its native inhabitants before their large-scale removal in the 1830s.

Axtell begins by treating the irruption in native life of several Spanish entradas in the sixteenth century, most notably and destructively Hernando de Soto's, and the rapid decline of the great Mississippian societies in their wake. He then relates the rise and fall of the Franciscan missions in Florida to the aggressive advent of English settlement in Virginia and the Carolinas in the seventeenth century. Finally, he traces the largely symbiotic relations among the South Carolina English, the Louisiana French, and their native trading partners in the eighteenth-century deerskin business, and the growing dependence of the Indians on their white neighbors for necessities as well as conveniences and luxuries.

Focusing on the primary context of interaction between natives and newcomers in each century--warfare, missions, and trade--and drawing upon a wide range of ethnohistorical sources, including written, oral, archaeological, linguistic, and artistic ones, Axtell gives a rich sense of the variety and complexity of Indian-white interactions and a clear interpretative matrix by which to assimilate the details.

Based on the fifty-eighth series of Walter Lynwood Fleming Lectures, The Indians' New South is a colorful, accessible account of the clash of cultures in the colonial Southeast. It will prove essential and entertaining reading for all students of Native America and the South.

James Axtell, Kenan Professor of Humanities at the College of William and Mary, is the author of many books, including The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America; The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America; After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America; and Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America.

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